The Hemiptera or ‘true bugs’ are insects characterised by a proboscis, piercing organ formed by a cylindrical case inside of which are sliding stylets. These are insects, with an incomplete cycle of metamorphosis. In the order of Hemiptera, we distinguish different sub-orders including that of the heteroptera, with half-length wings, incapable of flying. The families belonging to this sub-order concern various varieties of crawling bugs including :
Bed bugs, the most common bugs found in a human environment.
Various varieties of heteroptera live in the nests of birds, their chosen host :
- Swallow bug (Oeciacus hirundinis)
- Pigeon bugs (Cimex columbarius).
- One variety, the Cimex pipistrella lives in barns where bats are found.
Most heteroptera live in nature, sucking the sap of plants or hunting aphids, caterpillars and various small arthropods :
- Common flower bug (Anthocoris nemorum de la famille des anthocoridés)
- Western conifer seed bug
The various species of the Cimex family are considered as wingless, do in fact have very short fore wings on their back and hind wings that are totally atrophied. They are all blood-sucking insects.
The hemptera is not considered as a direct vector of disease, but it inflict bites, which can cause irritation, allergies or even of the states of malaise. In particular they disturb the sleep of elderly people and children and can even trigger attacks.
Depending on the species, there are different options available to approved appliers to control bugs in infested rooms :
- Spraying a liquid product
- Length: between 5 and 8 mm long
- Appearance: Reddish-brown colour
- Life span: 9 to18 weeks
- Reproduction: 150 to 350 eggs at the rate of 3 eggs per day.
- Habitat: Next to beds, slits and cavities in woodwork, joins in bedding, underneath carpets, behind pictures…
- Diet: It feeds on the blood of all warm-blooded animals with humans as its preferred host.
Originally from Asia, it arrived on our shores from hot countries. Adult bed bugs are red-brown in colour with an oval, flattened body. They don’t have any wings, and have microscopic hair giving them a striped appearance.